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を委くするに此途に不良と云は伝来境目の城は地利要害を孝篭て功あるふを主とし出て戦させぬ敲綁は大手の前地間廣く並馬出或連馬出と云うを取敲押入る空地なからしむ本体の馬出一つ取ては空地多二つはせまきと云ともは並馬出なとにて良理の馬出一つ半の間数を以空地を防りへし
…it is no good to rely on long distances from the castle by the road. Within a castle’s borders, there are merits for being cooped up inside when the main objective is geographical advantages and establishing a stronghold. – It is said that in the case where one’s pinned down and cannot come out to fight, have the umadashi lined up before the front gate if there is a large amount of space. Or, you can use multiple umadashi. In doing so, there will be no open space for the enemy to rush in and overtake. – When lining up the umadashi infront of the front gates, if the main umadashi has too much space between it and the castle, it is said to place another one to close the distance. A good reason for using another umadashi is that it will cut the distance in half, preventing from having open spaces that can be utilized by an opposing force.

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五 本有の曲尺の事
#5: The working features of the Kyokushaku

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曲尺は一寸一尺の曲尺を以何万丈も方内曲直をはかるに其のりたかはず今人間と生を得ては天地陰陽の恵にめ一心あり微妙と云曲尺あり五行五勝に有ては木肝の如し春の木の芬たつか如くなうし
Kyokushaku is apparently the given label for the means for measuring a castle no matter how many 10,000 jou large, (1 jou = 3.03 m) the interior design or direction, or how straight or how many corners it has. A Kyokushaku, or the common measurement in shaku, uses the units of both a sun (3.03 cm) and a shaku (approx. 30.3 cm). – Today, one should be totally devoted to Tenchi Inyo, which blesses us with the life we, as humans, have. There is something marvelous about Kyokushaku. Within Gogyo Gosho, the liver is associated with ‘tree’. Become verse in being like the fragrance of trees in the Spring.

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六 ちきりの曲尺の事
#6: Matter on Chikiri no Kyokushaku

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ちきりの曲尺と云由来は甲州士大将 原加賀守何所となり山伏来て教え
The place of origins of Chikiri no kyokushaku, or the measurements of the cross pattern interior design, is said to have been attributed by a commander from Koshu by the name of Hara Kaga Mori. He acquired the teachings at a given place from a monk.

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Source: http://hidensho.com/1854-heiho-yukan-manuscript/page-12/